Many women experience mood swings during menopause.
During menopause, many women experience roller coaster rides of both physically as well as emotional. Symptoms include hot flashes, insomnia, depression, anxiety, and panic attacks triggered by hormonal changes. These sudden changes in estrogen and progesterone can affect serotonin.
Menopause and Emotional Changes
Emotional changes are common symptoms of menopause.
The symptoms include.
Feelings of sadness
Short memory loss
Lack of motivation
When people are under stress, cortisol, a hormone that responds to stress, is released. Cortisol interferes with the absorption of serotonin.
When the body is under stress, it activates the sympathetic nervous system to fight the threat. The adrenal glands secrete epinephrine, norepinephrine, and steroid hormones.
Estrogen and norepinephrine act as a feedback mechanism. When estrogen level increases, norepinephrine level decreases.
During menopause, estrogen decreases, and norepinephrine increases.
Increased norepinephrine makes emotional changes such as nervousness, anxiety, and easily irritability.
[Progesterone and Menopause]
Progesterone is a hormone that promotes warming, soothing, anti-inflammatory, and sleeps in women.
Cholesterol makes a hormone called progesterone which is the source of cortisol and sex hormones.
When progesterone is deficient, the function of the adrenal glands decreases, leading to chronic fatigue syndrome.
With progesterone deficiency, testosterone turns into a hormone called DHT, activated testosterone.
Therefore, when progesterone is insufficient, DHT increases, resulting in hair loss, acne, polycystic ovary syndrome, prostate enlargement, and hirsutism.
What progesterone does in our body makes cortisol, aldosterone, and sex hormones. During menopause, women become sensitive to stress, and progesterone is depleted due to decreased ovarian function, leading to various symptoms due to progesterone depletion.